Name:
Charles Baird Oliver 
Location served:
Chatham, Merlin  
Years in Practice:
1895 to 1933
Area of Specialization:
Obstetrics  

Biography:

Dr. Charles Baird Oliver was born in Perth County, near the town of St. Mary’s on June 21st, 1866. His parents David Oliver and the former Agnes Robertson were of Scottish descent.  Dr. Oliver was the 9th of 11 children.  His siblings were John, James, David, Agnes, Jane, William, Margret, Robert, Mary and Isabella.  He went to school in St Mary’s, Ontario and furthered his education at Trinity College in Toronto. He graduated M.D., C.M. in 1890.  According to the 1928 Ontario Medical Register, Dr. Oliver joined the College of Physicians and Surgeons on the 22nd of May, 1890.  His first practice was in Ruthven (Essex County).

He married Nellie N. Bickell on the 13th of May, 1891 in Hibbert Twp., Perth County. She was born on the 12th of July, 1866 near Staffa, Hibbert Twp, Perth Cty.  Her parents, William Bickell and the former Eliza Cudliff, were farmers. Mrs. Oliver was the youngest of 4 children and only 4 years old when her mother died. Her father re-married and she had 4 more siblings from his second marriage.

Dr. and Mrs. Oliver had 3 children. Douglas Robertson Oliver was born on the 23rd of January of 1894 in Ruthven.  A daughter Marjorie Hamilton “Mavis” Oliver was born on the 14th of November, 1898 in Kent County.  Another daughter Agnes Helen Oliver was born on the 15th of December, 1900 in Kent County but died in Merlin, on the 3rd of May, 1901 of heart failure.

Early on in his career, he found his calling in obstetrics. He attended a post-graduate course of studies in 1911 at the Rotunda Hospital in Dublin, Ireland and in hospitals in London, England. His post graduate education specialized in maternity medicine.  Dr. Oliver moved his family and his medical practice in Chatham in 1912. Dr. Oliver delivered the most difficult cases, often called in during the last critical moments.

Dr. Oliver enjoyed bowling and he won The Free Press Trophy at a bowling tournament in Wallaceburg on the 21st of August, 1919.  He also enjoyed playing baseball, golf and hunting.  In September of 1922, Dr. Oliver was appointed to the College of Physicians and Surgeons Examining Board, to officiate obstetric exams.  Dr. and Mrs. Oliver sponsored an Armenian child brought to Canada to be educated and given the name John Oliver.  The child lived at the Armenian Orphans farm in Georgetown, Ontario and he was known to have a beautiful singing voice.  Dr. Oliver also had an excellent singing voice and he sang in the St. Andrew’s Church choir and he also sang as a tenor soloist. Dr. Oliver was President of the committee that erected the soldiers memorial (the Cenotaph) at the entrance of Tecumseh Park.   Dr. Oliver was a member of the Masonic Lodge.

Dr. Oliver was raised in the Presbyterian faith and became an elder of the First Presbyterian Church of Chatham. He later moved to the St. Andrew’s United Church. In 1926 he ran for the West Kent Provincial Conservative seat but was defeated by the Rev. A. C. Calder. Dr. Oliver was against the proposed legalized sale of liquor and public opinion was in favor of the legalization of alcohol.

In his spare time, Dr. Oliver was fascinated by the study of astronomy and he lectured on it extensively. He loved to camp and hike and study wildlife and he was considered an expert on the subject. In his autobiography, “Wild Goose Jack”, Jack Miner referred to Dr. Oliver as his friend. He was an honorary president of the Canadian Legion and he was a supporter of the war monument on Memorial Square in Chatham.  Dr. and Mrs. Oliver resided at 212 Wellington Street West in Chatham.

Mrs. Oliver belonged to the I.O.D.E. and the Ladies Assisting Society of the Public General Hospital.  She was an avid reader and enjoyed travelling with her husband.  Dr. and Mrs. Oliver owned a home at Erie Beach and Mrs. Oliver was an ardent gardener.

Mrs. Oliver died on the 6th of  March of 1933 in Chatham.

Shortly before Dr. Oliver died, a newborn baby needed a blood transfusion.  Dr. Oliver gave the baby his own blood. That baby’s name? Dr. John Arthur Roe, who is also featured on the Chatham-Kent Physician Tribute. Already in poor health, this selfless act saved the baby’s life but endangered his own. Dr. Oliver died on the 19th of November, 1933 in Chatham.  Dr. and Mrs. Oliver are interred in the Mausoleum at Maple Leaf Cemetery.

*His son, Douglas Robertson Oliver became a well-known journalist. Douglas Oliver enlisted in World War I with the Canadian Armed Services and served overseas in France. Douglas Oliver is featured on the ‘Gathering Our Heroes’ website.